EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Research Article

Air Pollution and COVID-19: A Comparison of Europe and the United States

European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2021, 5(2), em0074, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/9706
Full Text (PDF)

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to compare the cases of COVID-19 deaths and cases in the United States and Europe. The area selected in the United States was parishes (counties) in Louisiana along the Mississippi River which is globally known as “Cancer Alley.” These parishes have been investigated in the past due to high levels of air pollution. The relationship of air pollution and COVID-19 was evaluated. Data from the Louisiana Department of Health was abstracted for the 11 parishes and infection, mortality, and case-fatality rates were calculated and compared to the remainder of the state. The racial distribution of deaths, and mortality and case-fatality rates were determined in the 11 Cancer Alley parishes. Additionally, risk ratios of infection and mortality were determined. Results indicated that infection, mortality, and case-fatality rates were higher in the 11 Cancer Alley parishes where chronic exposure to air pollution has occurred. The COVID-19 cases and deaths were higher in the 11 Cancer Alley parishes when compared to the remainder of the state. When stratified by race, infection, mortality, and case-fatality rates were higher among Blacks in the 11 Cancer Alley parishes. The risk of infection and mortality was higher in the 11 Cancer Alley parishes, as well as among Blacks in these parishes. Our research adds to others that document the effects of air pollution on COVID-19, as well as the historical patterns of health disparities and environmental injustices in Cancer Alley. We offer a set of progressive policy recommendations as a pathway to actions for sustainable change, which can inform risk mitigating strategies worldwide.

KEYWORDS

air pollution COVID-19 health disparities

CITATION (Harvard)

Fos, P. J., Honore, P. A., and Honore, R. L. (2021). Air Pollution and COVID-19: A Comparison of Europe and the United States. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 5(2), em0074. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/9706
APA
Fos, P. J., Honore, P. A., & Honore, R. L. (2021). Air Pollution and COVID-19: A Comparison of Europe and the United States. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 5(2), em0074. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/9706
Vancouver
Fos PJ, Honore PA, Honore RL. Air Pollution and COVID-19: A Comparison of Europe and the United States. EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI. 2021;5(2):em0074. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/9706
AMA
Fos PJ, Honore PA, Honore RL. Air Pollution and COVID-19: A Comparison of Europe and the United States. EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI. 2021;5(2), em0074. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/9706
Chicago
Fos, Peter John, Peggy Ann Honore, and Russel L Honore. "Air Pollution and COVID-19: A Comparison of Europe and the United States". European Journal of Environment and Public Health 2021 5 no. 2 (2021): em0074. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/9706
MLA
Fos, Peter John et al. "Air Pollution and COVID-19: A Comparison of Europe and the United States". European Journal of Environment and Public Health, vol. 5, no. 2, 2021, em0074. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/9706

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