Factors Associated with Emergency Departments in Utilization of Health Services among Minorities who are Enrolled in Medicare
Linda Martinez 1 *
More Detail
1 Department of Health Care Administration, College of Health and Human Services, California State University, Long Beach, California, USA* Corresponding Author


This research was conducted to determine if there is a difference among Medicare and/or Medicaid enrolled patients, based on age, gender and provider diagnosis. The research was conducted using data from the The National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). NHAMCS was designed to collect data on the utilization and provision of ambulatory care services in hospital emergency and outpatient departments and ambulatory surgery locations. Findings are based on a national sample of visits to the emergency departments, outpatient departments, and ambulatory surgery locations of non-institutional general and short hospital stays. The research indicated that there are slightly significant differences between male and female total observations. There are a total of 2471 (53.881%) females compared to 1855 (40.449%) males for initial visits between the two sexes. For follow-up visits, about 138 (3.009%) are female compared to 122 (2.660%) for males. When looking at the differences between the races, there was a significant difference between white and black. For initial visits, there were 3536 (77.104%) among whites compared to 646 (14.086%) for blacks; others or unknown was 144 (3.140%). Also, there were significant differences for follow-up visits between the two races. About 218 (4.754%) are white compared to only 36 (.0785%) for black; other race or unknown was only 6 (0.131%).


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EUR J ENV PUBLIC HLT, 2019, Volume 3, Issue 2, Article No: em0026


Publication date: 21 Jul 2019

Article Views: 1574

Article Downloads: 1522

Open Access HTML Content References How to cite this article