Malaria incidence and prevalence: An ecological analysis through Six Sigma approach
Md. Al-Amin 1 * , Kesava Chandran Vijaya Bhaskar 2 , Walaa Enab 2 , Reza Kamali Miab 2 , Jennifer Slavin 2 , Nigar Sultana 2
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1 University of Massachuesetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA2 North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Malaria is the leading cause of death globally, especially in sub-Saharan African countries claiming over 400,000 deaths globally each year, underscoring the critical need for continued efforts to combat this preventable and treatable disease. The objective of this study is to provide statistical guidance on the optimal preventive and control measures against malaria. Data have been collected from reliable sources, such as World Health Organization, UNICEF, Our World in Data, and STATcompiler. Data were categorized according to the factors and sub-factors related to deaths caused by malaria. These factors and sub-factors were determined based on root cause analysis and data sources. Using JMP 16 Pro software, both linear and multiple linear regression were conducted to analyze the data. The analyses aimed to establish a linear relationship between the dependent variable (malaria deaths in the overall population) and independent variables, such as life expectancy, malaria prevalence in children, net usage, indoor residual spraying usage, literate population, and population with inadequate sanitation in each selected sample country. The statistical analysis revealed that using insecticide treated nets (ITNs) by children and individuals significantly decreased the death count, as 1,000 individuals sleeping under ITNs could reduce the death count by eight. Based on the statistical analysis, this study suggests more rigorous research on the usage of ITNs.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EUR J ENV PUBLIC HLT, Volume 8, Issue 1, 2024, Article No: em0151

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/14127

Publication date: 16 Jan 2024

Article Views: 861

Article Downloads: 2673

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