European Journal of Environment and Public Health

The Relationship between Bullying, Sexual Violence and Substance Use among Adolescents in the United States: Cross-sectional Study
Chimamanda Okafor 1, Shayesteh Jahanfar 2 * , Joseph Inungu 3, Mark Minelli 4
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1 MPH candidate, Department of public health, School of Health Sciences, Central Michigan University, USA
2 PhD, Assistant Professor, School of Health Sciences Building 2239, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859, USA
3 DrPH, Professor, School of Health Sciences Building 2209, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859, USA
4 PhD, Professor, School of Health Sciences Building 2235, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859, USA
* Corresponding Author
Research Article

European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2020 - Volume 4 Issue 2, Article No: em0049
https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/8329

Published Online: 07 Jun 2020

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How to cite this article
APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Okafor et al., 2020)
Reference: Okafor, C., Jahanfar, S., Inungu, J., & Minelli, M. (2020). The Relationship between Bullying, Sexual Violence and Substance Use among Adolescents in the United States: Cross-sectional Study. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 4(2), em0049. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/8329
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Okafor C, Jahanfar S, Inungu J, Minelli M. The Relationship between Bullying, Sexual Violence and Substance Use among Adolescents in the United States: Cross-sectional Study. EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI. 2020;4(2):em0049. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/8329
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Okafor C, Jahanfar S, Inungu J, Minelli M. The Relationship between Bullying, Sexual Violence and Substance Use among Adolescents in the United States: Cross-sectional Study. EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI. 2020;4(2), em0049. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/8329
Chicago
In-text citation: (Okafor et al., 2020)
Reference: Okafor, Chimamanda, Shayesteh Jahanfar, Joseph Inungu, and Mark Minelli. "The Relationship between Bullying, Sexual Violence and Substance Use among Adolescents in the United States: Cross-sectional Study". European Journal of Environment and Public Health 2020 4 no. 2 (2020): em0049. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/8329
Harvard
In-text citation: (Okafor et al., 2020)
Reference: Okafor, C., Jahanfar, S., Inungu, J., and Minelli, M. (2020). The Relationship between Bullying, Sexual Violence and Substance Use among Adolescents in the United States: Cross-sectional Study. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 4(2), em0049. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/8329
MLA
In-text citation: (Okafor et al., 2020)
Reference: Okafor, Chimamanda et al. "The Relationship between Bullying, Sexual Violence and Substance Use among Adolescents in the United States: Cross-sectional Study". European Journal of Environment and Public Health, vol. 4, no. 2, 2020, em0049. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/8329
ABSTRACT
Purpose: This study explored the relationship between bullying, sexual violence and substance use among adolescents.
Methods: A cross-sectional study of 14,765 adolescents using the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) survey was conducted. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed, with substance use as the outcome and bullying and sexual violence as explanatory variables in separate models.
Results: The odds of substance in bisexual adolescence was twice as heterosexuals [AOR: 2.00; 95%CI: 1.26-3.22]. Adolescents who experienced electronic bullying had 67% higher odds of substance use than those who did not experience electronic bullying [AOR: 1.67; 95%CI: 1.09-2.55]. Also, adolescents who had experienced sexual violence were had higher odds of reporting substance use than those who had not experienced sexual violence [AOR: 1.68; 95%CI: 1.15-2.45]. Additionally, those who had experienced either school bullying or electronic bullying reported higher rates of sexual violence than those who had not experienced any bullying.
Conclusion: We found a strong association between bullying, sexual violence, and substance use. A multifaceted approach is needed to resolve these problems effectively.
KEYWORDS
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