European Journal of Environment and Public Health

COVID-19 and Environmental Racism: Challenges and Recommendations
Anuli U. Njoku 1 *
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1 Department of Public Health, College of Health and Human Services, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, CT, USA
* Corresponding Author
Research Article

European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2021 - Volume 5 Issue 2, Article No: em0079
https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10999

Published Online: 23 Jun 2021

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How to cite this article
APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Njoku, 2021)
Reference: Njoku, A. U. (2021). COVID-19 and Environmental Racism: Challenges and Recommendations. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 5(2), em0079. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10999
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Njoku AU. COVID-19 and Environmental Racism: Challenges and Recommendations. EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI. 2021;5(2):em0079. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10999
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Njoku AU. COVID-19 and Environmental Racism: Challenges and Recommendations. EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI. 2021;5(2), em0079. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10999
Chicago
In-text citation: (Njoku, 2021)
Reference: Njoku, Anuli U.. "COVID-19 and Environmental Racism: Challenges and Recommendations". European Journal of Environment and Public Health 2021 5 no. 2 (2021): em0079. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10999
Harvard
In-text citation: (Njoku, 2021)
Reference: Njoku, A. U. (2021). COVID-19 and Environmental Racism: Challenges and Recommendations. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 5(2), em0079. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10999
MLA
In-text citation: (Njoku, 2021)
Reference: Njoku, Anuli U. "COVID-19 and Environmental Racism: Challenges and Recommendations". European Journal of Environment and Public Health, vol. 5, no. 2, 2021, em0079. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10999
ABSTRACT
COVID-19, the pandemic of highly contagious respiratory disease, presents a global public health emergency.  Racial and ethnic minority groups in the USA are more likely to contract, be hospitalized with, and die from COVID-19 versus whites, highlighting glaring health disparities.   Injustices such as the persistent issue of police brutality against Blacks in the USA, along with the racial disparities and inequities underscored by the COVID-19 pandemic, have brought renewed global focus to issues of social justice in the USA. Moreover, there is a need to examine how environmental racism intensifies the COVID-19 pandemic and illuminates racial inequities in exposure to environmental pollutants.  This article describes environmental racism and its impact on people of color in the USA, critically examines how this practice elevates disease risk among racial and ethnic minorities already susceptible to COVID-19, and proposes recommendations to tackle this pervasive issue.
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.