European Journal of Environment and Public Health

Determination of Social Exclusion Among Young Syrian Refugees Living in Turkey
Orhan Kocak 1 * , Ahmet Taha Arifoglu 1, Mustafa Z Younis 2
More Detail
1 Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, TURKEY
2 Jackson State University, USA
* Corresponding Author
Research Article

European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2021 - Volume 5 Issue 2, Article No: em0076
https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10908

Published Online: 15 May 2021

Views: 217 | Downloads: 121

How to cite this article
APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Kocak et al., 2021)
Reference: Kocak, O., Arifoglu, A. T., & Younis, M. Z. (2021). Determination of Social Exclusion Among Young Syrian Refugees Living in Turkey. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 5(2), em0076. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10908
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Kocak O, Arifoglu AT, Younis MZ. Determination of Social Exclusion Among Young Syrian Refugees Living in Turkey. EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI. 2021;5(2):em0076. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10908
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Kocak O, Arifoglu AT, Younis MZ. Determination of Social Exclusion Among Young Syrian Refugees Living in Turkey. EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI. 2021;5(2), em0076. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10908
Chicago
In-text citation: (Kocak et al., 2021)
Reference: Kocak, Orhan, Ahmet Taha Arifoglu, and Mustafa Z Younis. "Determination of Social Exclusion Among Young Syrian Refugees Living in Turkey". European Journal of Environment and Public Health 2021 5 no. 2 (2021): em0076. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10908
Harvard
In-text citation: (Kocak et al., 2021)
Reference: Kocak, O., Arifoglu, A. T., and Younis, M. Z. (2021). Determination of Social Exclusion Among Young Syrian Refugees Living in Turkey. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 5(2), em0076. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10908
MLA
In-text citation: (Kocak et al., 2021)
Reference: Kocak, Orhan et al. "Determination of Social Exclusion Among Young Syrian Refugees Living in Turkey". European Journal of Environment and Public Health, vol. 5, no. 2, 2021, em0076. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10908
ABSTRACT
After the Syria Conflict in 2011, Turkey has accepted about four million Syrian refugees. Initially, they were seen as guests, but after eight years, the Turkish Government has spent more than forty billion USD, and the money that has been spent is seen as a burden by both the Government and the people. That’s why some Turkish people started using negative language against Syrian Refugees not only for economic reasons but also political. This study aims to understand the impact of young Syrian refugees’ social exclusion with temporary protection status on their daily lives. It is thought that the stigmatization and negative discourses by the Society in which they live leads to social exclusion, and this has a fundamental effect on daily life practices. In this study, it is understood that Syrian Youth sometimes face exclusion and negative discourses in their daily lives in family, friends, education, and other fields. According to their statements, these exclusion situations differ according to their gender and education. Especially, women confront with some exclusion because of language and behaviors. Education should be used as a leverage to increase the integration between Turkish and Syrian People and integration policies based on multiculturalism must be produced to increase the harmony between two societies.
KEYWORDS
REFERENCES
  • Akhtar, S. (2018). Göç ve kimlik; Kargaşa, sağaltım ve dönüşüm [Immigration and identity; Confusion, treatment, and transformation]. Istanbul: Sfenks Books.
  • Deniz, A. Ç., Ekinci, Y., & Hülür, A. B. (2016). Bizim müstakbel hep harap oldu, Suriyeli sığınmacıların gündelik hayatı Antep-Kilis çevresi [Our future is always devastated, the daily life of Syrian refugees around Antep-Kilis]. Istanbul: Istanbul Bilgi University Publications.
  • Ekinci, Y. (2015). Misafirlik dediğin üç günlük olur!”: Suriyeli sığınmacılar ve sosyal dışlanma [What you call a guest is for three days!”: Syrian refugees and social exclusion]. Birikim Dergisi (311).
  • Erbaş, H. (2019). Gidişlerden kaçışlara göç ve göçmenler; Kuram, yöntem ve alan yazıları [Immigration and immigrants from departures to fleeing; Theory, method and field articles]. Ankara: Phoenix Publisher.
  • Eren, E. Y. (2018). Mülteci hukukunda geçici koruma [Temporary protection in refugee law]. Ankara: Seçkin Yay.
  • Goffman, E. (2014). Damga; örselenmiş kimliğin idare edilişi üzerine notlar [Stamp; Notes on the handling of damaged identity]. Ankara: Heretik Yayıncılık.
  • Goffman, E. (2018a). Karşılaşmalar, etkileşim sosyolojisinde iki çalışma [Encounters, two studies in the sociology of interaction]. Ankara: Heretik Publications.
  • Haberturk. (2017). Suriyelilerin Türkiye ekonomisine etkisi araştırıldı [The impact of Syrians on the Turkish economy was investigated]. Available at: https://www.haberturk.com/suriyelilerin-turkiye-ekonomisine-etkisi-arastirildi-1628337-ekonomi
  • Hayata Destek Derneği. (2016). Istanbul’daki Suriyeli mültecilere ilişkin zarar görebilirlik değerlendirme raporu [Vulnerability assessment report on Syrian refugees in Istanbul]. Available at: https://www.hayatadestek.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/istanbuldaki-suriyeli-multeciler-zarar-gorebilirlik-raporu.pdf
  • ICG. (2019). Mitigating risks for Syrian refugee youth in Turkey’s Şanlıurfa. International Crisis Group, Crisis Group Europe Report N°253, 11 February 2019.
  • Istanpol, Istanbul Politik Araştırmalar Enstitüsü. (2019). 24 Haziran’dan 31 Mart’a, iki seçim arası Türkiye’de siyasal kutuplaşma [Between 24 June and 31 March, political polarization in Turkey between two elections].
  • Milliyet. (2017). Suriyelilerin % 62’si gitmek istemiyor [62% of Syrians do not want to go]. Available at: http://www.milliyet.com.tr/siyaset/suriyelilerin-62-si-gitmek-istemiyor-2363610
  • Mülteciler Derneği. (2019). Türkiyedeki Suriyeli sayısı Eylül 2019 [Number of Syrians in Turkey September 2019]. Available at: https://multeciler.org.tr/turkiyedeki-suriyeli-sayisi/
  • Neil, S. (2008). Places of Exclusion and Inclusion: Asylum-Seeker and Refugee Experiences of Neighbourhoods in the UK. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 34(3), 491-510. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691830701880350
  • Ozturk, S. and Coltu, S. (2018). Suriyeli mültecilerin Türkiye ekonomisine etkileri [The effects of Syrian refugees on the Turkish economy]. Balkan Journal of Social Sciences/Balkan Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 7(13), 188-198.
  • Phillimore, J. and Goodson, L. (2006). Problem or Opportunity? Asylum Seekers, Refugees, Employment and Social Exclusion in Deprived Urban Areas. Urban Studies, 43(10), 1715-1736. https://doi.org/10.1080/00420980600838606
  • Phillimore, J., Goodson, L., Ferrari, E., Oosthuizen, E., Fathi, J., Penjwini, S. and Joseph, R. (2003). Asylum seekers and refugees: education, training, employment, skills and services in Coventry and Warwickshire. Learning and Skills Council Coventry and Warwickshire, Coventry.
  • Saleh, A., Aydin, S. and Koçak, O. (2018). A comparative Study of Syrian Refugees in Turkey, Lebanon, and Jordan: Healthcare Access and Delivery. OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi, 8(14), 448-464. https://doi.org/10.26466/opus.376351
  • Sari Hanafi, Jad Chaaban, Karin Seyfert, (2012). Social Exclusion of Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon: Reflections on the Mechanisms that Cement their Persistent Poverty. Refugee Survey Quarterly, 31(1), 34-53. https://doi.org/10.1093/rsq/hdr018
  • Şener, S. (2013). Sosyoloji, sosyal bilimlere alternatif yaklaşım [Sociology, alternative approach to social sciences]. Istanbul: Inkilab Publications.
  • Taylor, J. (2001). Refugees and social exclusion: what the literature says. Migration Action, XXVI(2), 16-31.
  • Taylor, J. and Stanovic, D. (2004). Services and entitlements: Refugees, migrants and asylum seekers. Migration Action, XXVI(2).
LICENSE
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.