European Journal of Environment and Public Health

Trends and Drivers of Refugees in Africa
Miracle Adesina 1 2 3 * , Muhammad Adeel 4, Olamide Omigbile 5, Adesola Abiodun 1, Emmanuel Adehunoluwa 6, Ruth Oladele 1 2, Isaac Olufadewa 1 2 7, Funmilayo Abudu 2 6, Ogheneruona Onathoja 8, Nancy Adeyelu 2
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1 College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, NIGERIA
2 Slum and Rural Health Initiative Research Academy, Ibadan, NIGERIA
3 Universal Care for Africa Foundation, St Louis, USA
4 College of Biomedical Engineering, Taipei Medical University, Taipei. TAIWAN
5 Bluegate Public Health Initiative, Ibadan, NIGERIA
6 College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, NIGERIA
7 Pan African University of Life and Earth Sciences Institute, Ibadan, NIGERIA
8 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, NIGERIA
* Corresponding Author
Research Article

European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2022 - Volume 6 Issue 1, Article No: em0093
https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11379

Published Online: 26 Nov 2021

Views: 209 | Downloads: 194

How to cite this article
APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Adesina et al., 2022)
Reference: Adesina, M., Adeel, M., Omigbile, O., Abiodun, A., Adehunoluwa, E., Oladele, R., . . . Adeyelu, N. (2022). Trends and Drivers of Refugees in Africa. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 6(1), em0093. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11379
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Adesina M, Adeel M, Omigbile O, Abiodun A, Adehunoluwa E, Oladele R, et al. Trends and Drivers of Refugees in Africa. EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI. 2022;6(1):em0093. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11379
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Adesina M, Adeel M, Omigbile O, et al. Trends and Drivers of Refugees in Africa. EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI. 2022;6(1), em0093. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11379
Chicago
In-text citation: (Adesina et al., 2022)
Reference: Adesina, Miracle, Muhammad Adeel, Olamide Omigbile, Adesola Abiodun, Emmanuel Adehunoluwa, Ruth Oladele, Isaac Olufadewa, Funmilayo Abudu, Ogheneruona Onathoja, and Nancy Adeyelu. "Trends and Drivers of Refugees in Africa". European Journal of Environment and Public Health 2022 6 no. 1 (2022): em0093. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11379
Harvard
In-text citation: (Adesina et al., 2022)
Reference: Adesina, M., Adeel, M., Omigbile, O., Abiodun, A., Adehunoluwa, E., Oladele, R., . . . Adeyelu, N. (2022). Trends and Drivers of Refugees in Africa. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 6(1), em0093. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11379
MLA
In-text citation: (Adesina et al., 2022)
Reference: Adesina, Miracle et al. "Trends and Drivers of Refugees in Africa". European Journal of Environment and Public Health, vol. 6, no. 1, 2022, em0093. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11379
ABSTRACT
Introduction: Increase in refugees’ population poses great political, socio-economic and health challenges to Africa. This study aims to discuss the trends and drivers of refugees in African countries based on their country of origin.
Methods: This study utilized secondary data on the population of refugees in all African countries from 1990 to 2017 based on their countries of origin. The data utilized were compiled by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee (UNHCR) and analysed using Microsoft Excel 2019, IBM SPSS 25 and Adobe Photoshop CS6.
Results: Seven countries account for about 66.3% of the refugee population in Africa within 1990 to 2017, five of which are in East Africa. The trend in population of African refugees from 1990 to 2017 can be divided into four phases. Phase one, a sharp decline in refugee population from 1990 till 1992, 1994 till 1997; phase two, a sharp rise in population of refugees’ from 1992 till 1994; phase three, a relatively stable period from 1998 till 2011 and phase four, an acute rise from 2011 till 2017 where it peaks. The drivers of African refugee migration are climate change, natural disasters, economic hardship, and violence and tensions.
Conclusion: The refugee population over three decades has been on the rise with occasional periods of decline. This poses great socio-economic and health challenges to the refugees as well as the host countries themselves. It is therefore necessary that the government and other concerned stakeholders create solutions to the causes of this increase in refugee population.
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.