Biodegradable Potential of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and Bacillus safensis Using Low Density Polyethylene Thermoplastic (LDPE) Substrate
Muhammad Waqas 1, Muhammad Haris 1, Noreen Asim 1, Hanif ul Islam 1, Abdullah Abdullah 2 * , Adil Khan 3, Huma Khattak 3, Muhammad Waqas 3, Sarfaraz Ali 3
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1 Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, KPK, PAKISTAN2 Department of Microbiology, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KPK, PAKISTAN3 Department of Microbiology, Abasyn University, Peshawar, KPK, PAKISTAN* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Increase of plastics accumulation in the environment cause ecological threats and has been one of the serious issue worldwide. In the current study, two bacterial isolated strains Bacillus safensis and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens were used for their plastic degradation capabilities. The biodegradation of low density polyethylene thermoplastic was assessed by weight reduction, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis and by culture media pH alteration. The results shows that Bacillus safensis was more efficient and degrade 18.6% LDPE than Bacillus amyloliquefaciens that degrade 18% of LDPE after incubation period of 30 days. Moreover, it was also noted that longer incubation periods results in higher biodegradation of low density polyethylene thermoplastic. It is concluded that the biodegrading ability of Bacillus safensis is more than Bacillus amyloliquefaciens as confirm from weight reduction of low density polyethylene thermoplastic.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EUR J ENV PUBLIC HLT, 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2, Article No: em0069

https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/9370

Publication date: 04 Jan 2021

Article Views: 1639

Article Downloads: 1519

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