HIV Prevalence and Related Risk Behaviors among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Joseph N Inungu 1 * , Jonas M Ndeke 1, Shayesteh Jahanfar 1, Frank Snyder 1, Ossam J Odio 2, Angela Okonji 1

EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI, Volume 4, Issue 1, Article No: em0034.

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/5975

OPEN ACCESS   113 Views   99 Downloads

Download Full Text (PDF) Cite this article

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV and syphilis and examine the HIV-related behaviors among men who have sex with other men (MSM) in Kinshasa, Congo. A modified snowball sampling was used to recruit the participants. The results showed that among the 401 men studied, 23.7% and 11.2% were infected with HIV and syphilis, respectively. HIV risk behaviors were rampant in this population. In the last 6 months preceding the survey, 83.3% of MSM reported receptive anal sex (RAS) with an average of 7 sexual partners. As high as 37.7% of MSM did not use condoms during the last RAS. About 65.9% (n = 249) reported drinking alcohol before sex. Logistic regression model indicated that being diagnosed with syphilis and not using lubricant were associated with positive HIV test. High-risk behaviors coupled with high prevalence of HIV among MSM underscore the need for the National HIV Control program to design new interventions to prevent HIV transmission from the MSM community into the general population.

Keywords

sexually transmitted diseases, HIV prevalence, syphilis, sexual risk behaviors, MSM, Congo-Kinshasa

HTML

References

Citation

Inungu, J. N., Ndeke, J. M., Jahanfar, S., Snyder, F., Odio, O. J., and Okonji, A. (2020). HIV Prevalence and Related Risk Behaviors among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 4(1), em0034. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/5975

Submit a Manuscript