HIV Prevalence and Related Risk Behaviors among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Joseph N Inungu 1 * , Jonas M Ndeke 1, Shayesteh Jahanfar 1, Frank Snyder 1, Ossam J Odio 2, Angela Okonji 1
More Detail
1 Master on Public Health, School of Health Sciences, Central Michigan University, Mt Pleasant, MI 48859, USA2 Faculte de Medecine de l’ Universite de Kinshasa, THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO* Corresponding Author

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV and syphilis and examine the HIV-related behaviors among men who have sex with other men (MSM) in Kinshasa, Congo. A modified snowball sampling was used to recruit the participants. The results showed that among the 401 men studied, 23.7% and 11.2% were infected with HIV and syphilis, respectively. HIV risk behaviors were rampant in this population. In the last 6 months preceding the survey, 83.3% of MSM reported receptive anal sex (RAS) with an average of 7 sexual partners. As high as 37.7% of MSM did not use condoms during the last RAS. About 65.9% (n = 249) reported drinking alcohol before sex. Logistic regression model indicated that being diagnosed with syphilis and not using lubricant were associated with positive HIV test. High-risk behaviors coupled with high prevalence of HIV among MSM underscore the need for the National HIV Control program to design new interventions to prevent HIV transmission from the MSM community into the general population.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EUR J ENV PUBLIC HLT, 2020, Volume 4, Issue 1, Article No: em0034

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/5975

Publication date: 17 Oct 2019

Article Views: 2038

Article Downloads: 1138

Open Access HTML Content References How to cite this article