Public Health and Human Right Challenges of Syrian Refugees and Immigrants with Precarious Status
Serdar Aydin 1, Mustafa Z. Younis 2 * , Orhan Kocak 3
More Detail
1 University of South Carolina, Arnold School of Public Health, Health Services and Policy Management, USA2 Jackson State University, 1400 John R. Lynch St, Jackson, MS 39217, USA3 Istanbul University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Social Work, TURKEY* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Civil unrest in Syria that started in March 2011 has resulted in about five million refugees in neighboring countries – many suffering from physical and mental illnesses due to the environment and pathogens, as well as human rights violence and abuse (UNICEF, 2017). The social, economic, and health costs of the conflict have disproportionately affected women and children, who have – typically been targeted in wartime for violence, abuse, and trafficking into forced labor and sex slavery. The objective of this study is to evaluate what many women and children have experienced, given the complexity of the Syria crisis and its pertinent extreme violence and uncertainty. Women and girls experience high levels of trauma, ranging from severe emotional disorder (psychosis, severe depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), severely disabling anxiety, etc.), mild or moderate disorders, and mild or moderate depression and anxiety, among other psychiatric disorders, along with normal distress and other psychological reactions. Those victims of potentially traumatic events are left with the long term effects of clinically relevant PTSD symptoms in addition to stigma and shame (Dadzie, 2017). The goal of this study is to provide the appropriate framework and directions for governments, and public health providers about the necessary interventions and services for those refugees. Such treatments are essential given the high level of physical and mental risk which require early treatment for recovery.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EUR J ENV PUBLIC HLT, 2019, Volume 3, Issue 1, Article No: em0022

https://doi.org/10.20897/ejeph/3946

Publication date: 11 Jul 2019

Online publication date: 10 Nov 2018

Article Views: 2820

Article Downloads: 1983

Open Access HTML Content References How to cite this article