EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH

Keyword: COVID-19 pandemic

12 results found.

Review Article
Associations and Correlations of Job Stress, Job Satisfaction and Burn out in Public Health Sector
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2022, 6(2), em0113, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/12166
ABSTRACT: A literature review of proposed associations and correlations of job stress, job satisfaction, and burn out in public health sector. Evidence of occupational hazards job risks that are encountered by Greek public health workforce, limited global literature. Connection of occupational job stress, job satisfaction, and burn out health and safety with public health and hygiene. Provided evidence of the exact risks that are perceived in public health sector in Greece. Comprehensive relative to possible occupational hazards of public health organization and services, with established and new evidence include organizational job risks. During the COVID-19 pandemic, global financial crisis, job insecurity, decreased salaries, and social instability where working conditions changed, risk factors were affected, risk increased, and interpersonal working relationships had a particular impact under the period of the pandemic, especially for health professionals who were in the frontline. This study can bear a significant impact and with the help of various reviews we give the global associations and correlations of job stress, job satisfaction, and burn out in public health sector. A systematic review conducted on the recent period for the last decade published papers along in Scopus, Web of Science, Direct Science, and journals. There are very few papers are published based on the very contemporary title considered for the article hence this study identified several articles in the scientific literature, but only few articles were classified as eligible according to the previously established criteria.
Research Article
Evaluation of the Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Use of Food Supplements in Individuals Aged 18 and Over
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2022, 6(2), em0112, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/12066
ABSTRACT: Introduction: Worldwide, the COVID-19 epidemic remains a serious as an important health problem. Vitamins, minerals, probiotics, and other products that we know as nutritional supplements have received a lot of attention since the beginning of the pandemic, considering their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and immune system effects. The aims of this study are to evaluate the reasons and prevalence of the take of nutritional supplements in addition to the normal diet during the COVID-19 pandemic and to observe the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on individuals’ efforts to live a healthy life.
Material-Method: This study is a descriptive cross-sectional study. The data of the study was obtained through an online questionnaire containing 24 questions. The application of the questionnaire was carried out between August 1, 2021 and August 31, 2021. The online survey was delivered to people aged 18 and over living in Turkey by snowball method. Statistical evaluation was done with SPSS (statistical packet for the social science) 20.0 package program. Chi-square analysis was taken in the evaluation of categorical data.
Results: The study group was formed with 513 people. While 225 (43.9%) participants in the study received nutritional supplements, 288 (56.1%) individuals reported that they did not take nutritional supplements. The frequency of using nutritional supplements was higher in women (50.9%) than in men (29.6%) (p<0.001). The frequency of taking nutritional supplements in the undergraduate-graduate education group was higher than in the other groups (p<0.05). The frequency of taking nutritional supplements was found to be higher in the high monthly income group (4,001 ₺ and above) than in the other groups (p<0.05). The frequency of taking nutritional supplements (67.0%) was higher in those who had COVID-19 infection (38.9%) than in those who did not (p<0.05). Multivitamin was the most common combination of nutritional supplement taken in those taking nutritional supplements (10, 4.4%). Those who took nutritional supplements believed more than the other group that nutritional supplements taken in appropriate doses protected against COVID-19 infection (p<0.01).
Conclusion: For the study group, it is recommended that family physicians provide counseling on the correct take of other nutritional supplements other than multivitamins.
Research Article
Adoption of Telemedicine During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Perspectives of Primary Healthcare Providers
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2022, 6(1), em0106, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11804
ABSTRACT: Background: As the pandemic has unfolded across an array of communities worldwide, telemedicine has been promoted and scaled up to attend to and reduce person-to-person transmission of COVID-19 in the U.S. and internationally. This study examined the major barriers to adoption of telemedicine among primary healthcare providers at a primary care clinic in north Texas during the pandemic.
Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to 67 primary healthcare providers at a primary care clinic in north Texas, with a 70% percent response rate (n=47). The survey collected information on perceived barriers to telemedicine adoption and experience with telemedicine in the last 12 months. In addition to descriptive statistics, multiple logistic regression was conducted to determine characteristics related to use of telemedicine in the past year. Chi-square tests were also performed to examine the relationship between the number of perceived barriers and telemedicine usage.
Results: Results revealed that the lack of reimbursement was a significant obstacle to telemedicine adoption. Plus, the number of perceived barriers to telemedicine usage was negatively associated with using telemedicine.
Conclusions: The findings suggested that the barriers to using telemedicine existed across an array of situations and that decreasing these obstacles would be critical in encouraging future telemedicine adoption among providers during and after the pandemic. This will especially be the case for primary care practices where scarce financial resources have been a traditional problem for such providers. This complicacy is likely to be amplified owing to the inimical effects of the pandemic, during and after its potential containment or successful management of it.
Research Article
Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, and Misconceptions towards COVID-19 among Sub-Sahara Africans
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2022, 6(1), em0101, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11559
ABSTRACT: Background: COVID-19 is a viral disease that can be transmitted from one person to another. The virus was first reported in Wuhan, China in 2019 and Nigeria recorded the first case of COVID-19 in Sub-Sahara Africa in 2020. The right knowledge, attitudes, and practices are essential in curbing the spread of the virus. Hence, the study was conducted to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, practice, and misconception of Sub-Sahara Africa towards COVID-19 and identifying the factors associated with COVID-19.
Method: An online cross-sectional survey was conducted among respondents from Sub-Sahara Africa from December 2020 to June 2021. This study involved respondents from six African countries, the responses were gotten from Kenya and Sudan (representing East Africa) Nigeria and Ghana (representing West Africa), Cameroon (representing Central Africa), and Malawi (representing Southern Africa). Data collected was analyzed using IBM SPSS version 26.0.
Results: A total of 913 respondents participated in this study with the majority of the age group coming from 21-30 (70.9%). The result indicates that the majority have a good level of knowledge (89.9%) and attitude (97.7%) with an insufficient level of practice (61%). Also, the majority of the respondents had an acceptable level of misconception (84%). 67% of the respondents believe that 5G causes COVID-19. The majority of the respondents reckon that everyone should wear a facemask (90.3%) and that alcohol does not cure COVID-19 (85.9%).
Conclusions: The study suggests that Sub-Sahara Africans have adequate knowledge and Attitude without sufficient practice towards COVID-19. Improved policies, awareness and sensitization campaigns should be carried out by government and social media companies to ensure adequate practice towards COVID-19. Furthermore, these findings should be considered by policymakers to implement interventions for outbreaks.
Research Article
The Impact of COVID-19 on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Individuals Living in Scottish Communities with High Infection Rates
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2022, 6(1), em0099, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11502
ABSTRACT: A mixed method sequential study explored the impact of COVID-19 by gaining an understanding of how the pandemic has impacted individual experiences as well as examining if these experiences existed across a wider population of residents. Previous research suggests that socio-economic factors have exacerbated the adverse impact of the pandemic, therefore this study sought to explore this, as well as attempt to identify what these implications could mean for COVID recovery.
The study was carried out in two phases. In phase one, semi-structured interviews were undertaken with eight participants, transcribed verbatim and an interpretative phenomenological analysis was conducted. Five themes emerged: self-evaluation and reflection, gratitude, uncertainty, social isolation, and lack of faith in the government were identified. In phase two, standardised measures were administered to assess elicited themes via an online questionnaire. Correlation and multiple regression analyses showed a strong relationship between social isolation, gratitude, uncertainty and HRQoL, with social isolated being a significant predictor.
Despite the limitation of a low variance, evidence of a strong correlation amongst disabled and low-income participants experiencing higher levels of social isolation was found. Uncertainty and levels of gratitude were also found to be correlated with social isolation and HRQoL. Therefore, addressing social isolation should be a priority for mental health services and should influence any future restrictions that may be implemented in a ‘third wave’ or future pandemic.
Research Article
Twitter Voices: Twitter Users’ Sentiments and Emotions About COVID-19 Vaccination within the United States
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2022, 6(1), em0096, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11499
ABSTRACT: Introduction: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has negatively impacted society as a whole. Vaccination became the only reliable solution to overcome the severity of this pandemic. A critical factor to achieve an adequate vaccination coverage is by improving public confidence in immunization. Social media plays an important role in reflecting public perception towards certain topics, such as COVID-19 vaccination. This study aims to evaluate U.S. Twitter users’ sentiments and emotions towards COVID-19 vaccination, and the changes experienced before and after vaccine rollout.
Methods: COVID-19 vaccine related tweets were collected from Twitter’s Application Programming Interface. We analyzed tweets from March 11, 2020, to May 17, 2021, and divide them into two groups; before and after the first vaccine was implemented in the U.S. Sentiment analysis, negative binomial regression and linear regression models were used for inferential analysis.
Results: A total of 19,654 tweets were extracted. From those, 10,374 and 9,280 tweets were posted before and after COVID-19 vaccine was launched in U.S., respectively. A statistically significant difference was evidenced between the two groups when comparing each individual emotion, and positive and negative sentiments, except for joy. Lastly, a statistically significant increase of the sentiment score in the post COVID-19 vaccine group compared to the pre COVID-19 vaccine group was evidenced.
Conclusion: Our findings evidenced that public perception of the COVID-19 vaccine has positively changed over time and suggest that the terms “trials” and “vaccination”, which were associated to trust, could potentially be used to create targeted educational and promotional schemes to achieve a better vaccination coverage rate.
Letter to Editor
Biodiversity Conservation: A Preventive Tool for Epidemics and Pandemics
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2022, 6(1), em0094, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/11497
ABSTRACT: Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services highlights that there is a close nexus between the global health pandemics and the biodiversity. The COVID-19 pandemic has clearly indicated the importance of environmental health. Seeing the advancement of scientific field, it is clear that there is some link between the biodiversity and spread of outbreaks of epidemics and pandemics. Interestingly, preservation of biodiversity has been recognized as an important step to control the disease outbreaks since last one year. If biodiversity is well managed and conserved, it will act as a barrier against the spill-over of infectious diseases.
Review Article
Managing the Mental Health of Persons with Disabilities amid the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Philippines: Specific Factors and Key Actions
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2021, 5(2), em0077, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/10954
ABSTRACT: This paper discusses the specific factors and key actions in managing the mental health of persons with disabilities (PWDs) amid Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the Philippines. It is a short report that discusses the continuous record of knowledge related to the management of the mental health of PWDs amid the COVID-19 crisis specifically in the Philippines. The specific factors such as inadequate information, negative social perceptions, and inaccessible medical services are found to exacerbate the situation. The key actions such as policy review, stakeholder participation, continued support, and inclusive research are cogently identified. This paper provides a contribution in understanding more about the mental health of PWDs amid the COVID-19 crisis in a developing country. With the PWDs in mind, it is suggested to reconsider current guidelines, involve stakeholders in multisectoral responses, sustain financial subsidy, and conduct inclusive research and census.
Review Article
Health and Telework: New Challenges after COVID-19 Pandemic
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2021, 5(2), em0073, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejeph/9705
ABSTRACT: The COVID-19 pandemic represented a big challenge not only for the health systems but also for the working world that has been characterized by the spread of telework. The aim of this review is to resume the knowledge about the effects of telework on the health and safety of teleworkers, and to point out these implications in the light of the growing development and diffusion of it after COVID-19 pandemic. A literature research on the main scientific research engines (Pubmed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane Review) has been performed. No restrictions were applied for language or publication type. All the articles not concerned with the health effects of telework have been excluded. That kind of work arrangement can take advantages to both employers and workers by improving productivity and work-life balance. However, it has some potential disadvantages, represented by the possible negative implications on worker’s health. The main hazards for the health of teleworkers are: the unavailability of ergonomic work equipment and a dedicated working area, the risk of overwork, and psychosocial implications of working from home. Performing telework can affect both physical and psychosocial health but some authors also described potential health benefits.
Letter to Editor
Development of Preparedness Competencies in Basic Education Science Curriculum: An Insight from the COVID-19 Global Outbreak
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2021, 5(1), em0063, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/8578
ABSTRACT: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused an extraordinary crisis that affects educational systems. This editorial letter calls for the development of preparedness competencies as part of the basic education science curriculum. It discusses the background from which the current call is hinged, contemporary place of preparedness competencies in the basic education science curriculum, and possible actions for curriculum development. This call hopes to open windows of opportunity for the consideration of preparedness competencies as part of the basic education science curriculum.
Editorial
Review of the New Zealand’s COVID-19 Elimination Plan and the Mental Health Fall out on Vulnerable Groups
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2020, 4(2), em0058, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/8456
ABSTRACT: Around the time when several countries battle with COVID-19 pandemic, the New Zealand implemented an elimination strategy- a headway   that successfully eliminated the novel SARS-CoV-2 from   Aotearoa/ New Zealand. A review of the elimination plan shows an extended and   strict restrictions on social contact   that could cause mental health fall out particularly among the vulnerable groups such as the aged, prisoners, and people with preexisting mental health issues. For a proactive action against these after-lockdown possibilities, surveillance of the risk factors among the vulnerable groups, deliberate interventional psychiatric and psychological care, and investment in mental health personnel   training should be  first point of action. Hence, this paper aims at drawing attention to these needed  response.
Letter to Editor
The Spread of the Pandemic of Social Media Panic during the COVID-19 Outbreak
European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 2020, 4(2), em0044, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejeph/8277
ABSTRACT: The outbreak of novel COVID-19 has opened up different issues for social media including the life-endangering consequences of supposed cures, misleading rumors, and conspiracy theories about the origin of coronavirus. These dangerous rumors circulated the world and thus paired with racism and mass fearmongering all closely linked to the new “Infomedia” systems of the present century characterized by the multiplicity of means of communication between people especially platforms of social media. The sharing of misinformation has an influence beyond the harm of the coronavirus itself. Many posts were seen related to treatments that are not proven, techniques to mitigate exposure, and infection that are either not proven and/or filled with a lot of misleading information, and instruction for individuals to stock up on supplies and food. Taking into account the present situation, there is an important need to consider and assess the awareness of the public towards the dangerous impact of the spread of misinformation in the time of the COVID-19 outbreak.